Mortgage Law in New Jersey
In Washington, New Jersey, a mortgage is a special type of secured loan. A loan is "secured" when there is some type of property attached to it, which can be seized by the lender in case the borrower defaults. This, obviously, reduces the risk to the lender, and makes credit more available. A mortgage is a loan issued to buy a piece of real estate, with that same real estate serving as collateral.
Taking out a mortgage and buying a house is not a decision to make lightly. However, mortgages serve some very useful purposes. Because houses are so expensive, it's impossible for most people to buy them by paying the full price upfront. A mortgage ensures that the seller gets paid immediately, and that the buyer is able to pay the purchase price over a long period of time, in manageable installments.
Buying anything with a loan costs more than just the purchase price. This is because lenders charge interest on their loans, which, when all is said and done, adds up to a very large amount of money.
However, to many people, this extra cost is worth it. After all, without mortgages, few people would ever be able to buy homes, if paying out of pocket is the only alternative.
Getting a Mortgage in Washington, New Jersey
If you want to get a mortgage in Washington, New Jersey, it's essential that you have a well-established history of good credit. Credit ratings are used by lenders to estimate how risky a prospect a borrower is. If you have good credit, you'll have a much better shot at getting a mortgage with a reasonably low interest rate. If you have bad credit, you might be unable to get a loan at all, and if you do, the interest rate will be much higher, to account for the higher risk.
The vast majority of lenders will require a down-payment before issuing a loan. This is some up-front payment that represents a percentage of the purchase price. You should ensure that you have enough money saved up to cover the down payment on a house, if you are considering buying one. This will prevent the down payment from straining your finances too much.
Another necessary factor is having a good understanding of your own finances. This is less common than you might think. You should make sure that the purchase price of the home, and the resulting mortgage payments (along with property taxes, fees, and inevitable repair costs) are well within your budget. If they aren't, you should opt for a cheaper house, or wait until you have a higher income.
Once everything is in order, it comes time to complete the mortgage agreement. Once this is signed, there is usually no going back, so you should make sure that you understand every single term in this long-term agreement.
Can a Washington, New Jersey Real Estate Attorney help?
Taking out a mortgage and buying a home isn't a trivial matter, and might be the most important financial decision a person makes. A good Washington, New Jersey real estate attorney can ensure that this goes as smoothly as possible.