Mortgage Law in New Jersey
In Essex County, New Jersey, a mortgage is a special type of secured loan. A loan is "secured" when there is some type of property attached to it, which can be seized by the lender in case the borrower defaults. This, obviously, reduces the risk to the lender, and makes credit more available. A mortgage is a loan given to buy a piece of real estate, with that same real estate serving as collateral.
Taking out a mortgage and buying a house is not a decision to make lightly. However, mortgages serve some very useful purposes. Because houses are so expensive, it's impossible for most people to buy them by paying the full price upfront. A mortgage ensures that the seller gets paid immediately, and that the buyer is able to pay the purchase price over a long period of time, in manageable installments.
Buying anything with a loan costs more than just the purchase price. This is because lenders charge interest on their loans, which, when all is said and done, adds up to a very massive amount of money.
However, many people who buy their homes with a mortgage find this extra long-term cost to be worth it, since a mortgage might be their only way to buy a home.
Getting a Mortgage in Essex County, New Jersey
Getting a Mortgage in Essex County, New Jersey isn't always easy. The most crucial factor in convincing a bank to lend you money is having a good credit history. This shows the lender that you pay your debts on time, and indicates that you are a lower risk. Besides getting you over the threshold of obtaining a loan, having exceptionally-good credit could result in a lower interest rate, as well.
The vast majority of lenders will require a down-payment before issuing a loan. This is some up-front payment that represents a percentage of the purchase price. You should ensure that you have enough money saved up to cover the down payment on a house, if you are considering buying one. This will prevent the down payment from straining your finances too much.
You also need to be realistic about your budget. The fact that you're buying a house that you don't have to immediately pay for can tempt some people into taking on more debt than they can take. You need to make a full accounting of what the house is likely to cost, including the cost of the mortgage payments, property taxes, repairs and maintenance, and other fees.
Once all of your affairs are in order, the time to sign the mortgage agreement comes. Once the agreement is signed, the loan is final, and there's no going back. Well before this day, you should make absolutely sure that you clearly understand every single provision of your mortgage agreement, and the obligations it imposes on you.
Can a Essex County, New Jersey Real Estate Attorney help?
Taking out a mortgage and buying a home isn't a trivial matter, and might be the most important financial decision a person makes. A brilliant Essex County, New Jersey real estate attorney can ensure that this goes as smoothly as possible.